News el observador | local latino | hispanos | news | noticias | entretenimiento|compras |comunidad de san jose |san francisco | en espanol el-observador.com a weekly newspaper serving hispanics worldwide 2014-08-05T22:48:16Z http://news.el-observador.com/feed/atom/ WordPress admin <![CDATA[Vamos a Gozar]]> http://news.el-observador.com/?p=20864 2014-08-02T06:45:23Z 2014-08-02T06:44:18Z Los Gatos Civic Center 110 E. Main St. Los G atos, CA 95030 Free Ad mission

Los Gatos Civic Center
110 E. Main St.
Los G atos, CA 95030
Free Ad mission

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Harley-Davidson San Jose

1551 Parkmoor Ave.San Jose, CA 95128

Weekly Best of San Jose Dishcrawl

August 5th 7:00pm-9:30pm

Fahrenheit Restaurant

 and Lounge

99 E. San Fernando St. San Jose, CA 95113

Los Gatos Fiesta de Artes

August 9th-10th  1

0:00am-6:00pm

Los Gatos Civic Center Grounds

101 East Main St. Los Gatos, CA 95030

 Sidewalk Sale & Back to School Fashion Show

August 9th 11:00am-2:00pm

Westgate Center

1600 Saratoga Ave. San Jose, CA 95129

14th Annual Jazz on the Grass

August 10th 12:15pm

Foothill Presbyterian Church

5301 McKee Rd. San Jose, CA 95127

Pop Art from the Anderson Collection at SFMOMA

August 13th-October 25th 11:00am-5:00pm

Stanford University

Cantor Arts C enter

Lomita Drive & Museum Way

Stanford, CA 94305

Silicon Valley Pride Festival

August 17th 10:00am-7:00pm

Discovery Meadow

E. San Carlos St. and Woz Way San Jose, CA 95110

4th Silicon Valley Food & Art Festival

August 17th 2:00pm-5:00pm

Cupertino Quinlan Center

10185 N. Stelling Rd. Cupertino,CA 95014

Electronic Sriracha Festival

Aug. 30 12:00pm-8:00pm

St. James Park

2nd and St. James St. San Jose, CA 95113

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admin <![CDATA[PREPARE FOR FUTURE OPPORTUNITY]]> http://news.el-observador.com/?p=20861 2014-08-02T06:40:13Z 2014-08-02T06:40:13Z Hilbert Morales  El Observador

Hilbert Morales 
El Observador

During 1956, at Purdue University, I studied an elective course’ Electronic Instrumentation” which turned out to be quite useful during my career. Yesterday, I read ‘The Kiplinger Letter’, “Forecasts for Executives and Investors”, July 11, 2014. Its focus was on ‘the next big phase in computerization’. I crafted this summary in the hopes that the local low-income community would react to its counsel in preparation for ‘jobs in the future’. I have learned during my life that “Good fortunes favor those who are prepared to go through the door of opportunity.” One needs to be responsive and productive when opportunity comes your way. The first step is to know enough to ‘see’ opportunity. If one is not ready, that door slams shut.

Today, high tech industry needs coders now. During the next five years computer networks will expand with opportunities right here in Silicon Valley. If you want to have an advantage, begin to prepare now. I would want Hispanic youth to not only know how to code, but also to know and use the knowledge involved in computer science (cybernetics). Do not wait for a local training program to become available. Use the free on-line Khan Academy to begin to learn its terminology and scientific basis. Once you learn its vocabulary, your knowledge will transform into understanding.

Today there are one billion devices which are connected to each other with micro-computers. By 2020 (5 years) this will increase to 26 billion. This transition will require skilled individuals with technical know-how. This challenging work will require trained brain-power to be ready to ‘work smart’ rather than ‘working hard’. Women could have an upper hand because they tend to communicate and collaborate. Men tend to compete and play the ‘King of the Hill’ games. Today much more gets done by teams working together and communicating with each other. But understand, that insight and understanding of natural phenomenon happens in the individual’s brain….not in the group. And if that insight can be communicated in a manner that others understand, that is when creativity and innovation happen. Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, David Packard and William Hewlett all had that trait.

Temperature sensors, micro-video cams, WI-FI networks, microchip computers can constantly monitor a process or machine. Friction creates heat, so a temperature sensor tells the microchip to communicates what needs to be done or checked out. You already have experienced that when the ‘panel light’ in your car tells you “Need Service”. Now think of factories wherein all equipment is connected. Heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) may be monitored and constantly adjusted to maintain efficient operations at any given time of the day at lowest operating cost. Motion detectors turn on lights or activate cameras (security systems). What makes this possible is the current very low cost of essential components: motion detectors, micro-video cameras, WI-FI network, plus ‘customized apps’. What is needed soon in this field are skilled informed workers who not only know the basics, but also are prepared to be the planners, managers, executives, and investors.

The local and global economic impact is tremendous. It will enable sustainable environmental systems. By 2025, a worldwide system of connectivity will do many things such as prevent equipment failures; increase efficiency in real time; monitor and track production operations; reduce downtime; increase quality controls and efficient use of energy.

In health care, it will facilitate electronic medical records; constantly monitor elderly and chronically ill patients; send medical service alerts; track use of drugs or therapy; manage care along with total nutrition consumed. All rehabilitation training and behavior modification progress can be tracked.

Now, using ankle bracelets to monitor the activity and location of a convicted individual, that person may be allowed to serve his sentence at home while performing assigned community work, be able to keep a job, stay in relationship with family, neighbors, and society. The social cost of imprisonment will be mitigated through rehabilitation and behavior modification. The convicted individual is not exposed to prison environments where he/she can learn to be a better criminal. Recidivism will be greatly reduced. Existing prison incarceration will be devoted to those who are truly a danger to themselves and society.

Anyone can begin to prepare for inclusion in this future computerized networking field. What is required is doing the ‘informed critical thinking’ to create the desired computerized network system. Many today have already experienced ‘internet connectivity’ through their ‘smart phones’. Now is the time to learn enough, and to understand enough, to be included in this coming wave of economic opportunity. Just commit yourself now to prepare for your future opportunity.

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admin <![CDATA[Donations for the refugee children from Central America]]> http://news.el-observador.com/?p=20858 2014-08-02T06:38:04Z 2014-08-02T06:38:04Z Truett (Trudi)  Clifton-Vizvary MSW Special to  El Observador

Truett (Trudi) 
Clifton-Vizvary MSW
Special to 
El Observador

Communities along the Lower Rio Grande River in South Texas have come together to meet the basic needs of Central American children and their parents seeking refuge in our country.

They need your support. You can donate online to the following organizations by visiting their web sites: The American Red Cross (South Texas chapter); The Food Bank of the Rio Grande Valley; Catholic Charities of the Rio Grande Valley and the Roman Catholic Dioceses of either the Rio Grande Valley or of Brownsville.

Or you can mail your check directly to Immigrant Relief, c/o Sr. Norma Pinentel, Catholic Charities, 700 N Virgen de San Jose, San Juan, Texas.

Local non profits, protestant churches, national organizations and the good citizens of South Texas are collaborating in this humanitarian effort. Please join them. Give generously and ask your friends to do the same. The smallest contribution may make a big difference in the life of one child.

Our Lady of Guadalupe parish here in San Jose is collecting donations for the Diocese of San Diego where volunteers are meeting the needs of this fragile and vulnerable population in southern California. A local trucking company is transporting the donations free of charge to San Diego.

CONTACT  INFO

Contact the church at olgparishsj@gmail.com or (408)258-7057 for the latest information about the children’s current needs. Donations can be dropped off at 2020 E. San Antonio St, San Jose.

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admin <![CDATA[Governor Brown Signs Agreement to Foster Cooperation Between Mexican and American Colleges and Universities]]> http://news.el-observador.com/?p=20855 2014-08-02T06:36:43Z 2014-08-02T06:36:43Z mexico

MEXICO CITY

Governor Edmund G. Brown Jr. signed an agreement with the Mexican Ministries of Public Education and Foreign Affairs and the National Council for Science and Technology to forge greater ties between institutions of higher education in California and Mexico, with particular emphasis on online learning.
“The ties between California and Mexico began before the Declaration of Independence and today we take one more step by bringing our institutions of higher learning closer together,” said Governor Brown.
The scope of the agreement includes cross-border online learning, student and teacher exchanges, joint research and scholarly endeavors.
Specifically, the agreement will enhance cooperation through a range of activities, including:

•An exchange of students and teachers;

•Implementation of joint research and scholarly activities;

•Organization of conferences and seminars;

•Exchange of academic materials and other information;

•Short-term stays for students and teachers;

•Teacher training courses for English language teachers;

Fellowship programs for students (undergraduates and graduates), teachers, academics and researchers; and

Online programs.

In order to further these objectives, a new California-Mexico Higher Education Working Group held its first meeting yesterday at the Casa de California in Mexico City. Members of this group include representatives of the California Community Colleges Chancellor’s Office, the University of California Office of the President, the California State University Chancellor’s Office and the Association of Independent California Colleges and Universities.

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admin <![CDATA[Tips to Ensure a Smooth Transition to College]]> http://news.el-observador.com/?p=20852 2014-08-02T06:33:40Z 2014-08-02T06:33:40Z (StatePoint)

(StatePoint)

The transition to college is an exciting time, full of anticipation for the next chapter of life. But with new opportunities come uncertainties, from financing an education to picking the right courses.

“Paying for college and having kids leave the house is new territory for most parents and children. But with research and preparation, parents can help kids learn how to maximize available funds, borrow responsibly and manage their new lives,” says Jodi Okun, founder of College Financial Aid Advisors and brand ambassador for Discover Student Loans. “Parents should encourage kids to take responsibility for forming a long-term financial plan they can work through together.”

Okun offers the following tips for a smooth transition:

• Empower students: Let students start with smaller decisions, such as what to do with high school graduation money, and then build to bigger ones, such as finding and applying for additional scholarships, and deciding whether they can balance school with work-study or a part-time job. Encourage students to form meaningful relationships with their school’s financial aid office.

• Balance dreams with opportunities. While students often pick a major based on childhood passions, parents may steer them toward an in-demand field with a good salary and career trajectory. In fact, 70 percent of parents say job potential after college is as important or more important than choice of major, according to a recent Discover Student Loans survey. Starting salary should also guide how much debt the student takes on. For example, if a student anticipates a $40,000 a year starting salary, he or she should take on no more than $40,000 in student loans over the course of college.

• Figure out the parents’ role. The majority of student loans are for students, but there are loans specifically for parents (e.g., Parent PLUS Loans and some private student loans). Consider the advantages of each and decide whether parent student loans, traditional student loans or a combination is best. Regardless of what’s decided, parents should discuss options and expectations with their child.

• Exhaust free money first. Grants, scholarships and other free financial aid can help students pay for costs. Resources such as Discover’s Free Scholarship Search and Studentaid.ed.gov can help students and parents identify and apply for important free money.

• Choose the right student loan. With so many choices for loans, choosing the right one can be overwhelming. Families should compare federal and private student loans based on key components, such as interest rates, origination fees and repayment options and then choose the loans that best fit their financial needs.

• Seek consultation. Financing college can be an overwhelming and confusing process. Consider talking to a financial planner who can offer sound advice.

As college costs rise, understanding the financial resources available, as well as having conversations about who is responsible for what, will ultimately provide peace of mind for students and parents.

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admin <![CDATA[St. James Park this summer’s hotspot]]> http://news.el-observador.com/?p=20848 2014-08-02T06:30:45Z 2014-08-02T06:30:45Z yoga

Yoga, pick-up soccer matches, food and desserts trucks all have one thing common this summer, “Summer in St. James,” a pilot program aimed to reactivate St. James park in downtown San Jose to become more community and family oriented.

The Office of Economic Development, the Department of Neighborhood Parks and Recreation and Neighborhood Services, the City Manager’s Office, in collaboration with the San Jose Downtown Association put together a team to create activities and events to encourage residents to use the park. The city received a 60 thousand dollar grant from the Knight Foundation to fund the newly launched pilot program.

“St. James Park, it’s such a great park it has a lot of historic value to San Jose, but over the years it had become less active and not tremendously utilized,” said Department of Parks and Recreation event coordinator Brian Clampitt.

Clampitt said the goal is to change the landscape of the park to “a much more inviting park to the community in general.” He added that residents saw St. James as a walk through, using the park to cut through to get to one place from another. With the addition of weekly activities in the park, “we see folks actually coming around and hanging out spending their lunchtime in the park,” said Clampitt.

The park reactivation group is focused on providing community activities; they have also addressed in their pilot program the homeless population and a crime-taking place in the park. Clampitt said the group is working with the San Jose Police Department to ensure regular sweeps to issue citations for any illegal activity-taking place.

Clampitt said the Department of Housing and the Department of Health are conducting outreach to the current homeless population that frequently use the park to spread awareness about resources that are available to them.

Still in its early stages, the program already has increased its attendees, especially during its Wednesday noon activities, like yoga. Michelle Linane, founder of, “Be The Change Yoga and Wellness,” said the Wednesday noon outdoor yoga class started off with eight or nine participants and has grown to over 20.

“It’s really the community effort. There’s so much going on in the park right now we’re really glad to be apart of it,” said Linane. “It is our downtown local community, there are people out here right now taking their very first yoga class.”

The “Summer in St. James” pilot program plans to keep expanding by adding more weekly activities, along with the fitness classes and morning boot camps. For a full listing of this summer’s events including outdoor movie nights, fitness activites, and festivals visit http://sjdowntown.com/summerinstjames/.

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admin <![CDATA[Los pormenores de los Planes de Ahorro Universitario 529]]> http://news.el-observador.com/?p=20845 2014-08-02T06:28:01Z 2014-08-02T06:28:01Z savings

Para mucha gente, los gastos más importantes de su vida son financiar su retiro, comprar una casa y pagar la educación universitaria de sus hijos –o al menos una parte. Ahorrar dinero para éstas y otras metas financieras es difícil, especialmente cuando se intenta ahorrar para todas al mismo tiempo y desde una temprana edad.

Uno de los vehículos de ahorro universitario más conocidos es el Plan de Ahorro Universitario 529. Todos los estados, y Washington, DC., ofrecen al menos una opción de plan 529, aunque la mayoría ofrece más de una. Las características principales son:

Se hacen aportes con dólares después de impuestos; la ganancia de la inversión se acrecienta libre de impuestos.

No se pagan impuestos por el dinero retirado siempre que se utilice para pagar gastos de educación superior calificados (ej. matrícula, pensión, cuotas, libros, útiles y equipos).

Si se retira dinero para pagar gastos no calificados, se debe pagar el impuesto a las ganancias y una penalidad del 10 por ciento sobre la parte de las ganancias de lo que se retira y, posiblemente, una penalidad estatal dependiendo de dónde uno viva.

Muchos estados que tienen un impuesto a las ganancias estatal ofrecen un descuento fiscal total o parcial por los aportes realizados al plan de su propio estado. Hay tres estados (Indiana, Utah y Vermont) que también ofrecen créditos fiscales por los aportes.

Los aportes a los planes de otros estados por lo general no son deducibles de impuestos en el estado donde uno vive, pero hay cinco estados que ofrecen beneficios fiscales por invertir en el plan de cualquier estado. (Arizona, Kansas, Maine, Missouri y Pensilvania).

El plan de cada estado ofrece diferentes opciones de inversión, tanto en cuanto al estilo de la inversión (basada en la edad, basada en el riesgo, con protección del capital, fondos administrados o indexados, etc.) como en cuanto al rendimiento real de la inversión.

Se puede elegir a quien uno quiera como beneficiario –hijos, otros parientes o amigos.

Si el beneficiario original decide no ir a la universidad u obtiene una beca, se puede reasignar la cuenta a otro miembro de la familia en cualquier momento.

Se pueden transferir los fondos a otro plan 529 o cambiar las estrategias de inversión una vez por año. Si se quiere hacer más de una transferencia de fondos dentro de un período de 12 meses, habrá que cambiar de beneficiario para evitar el pago de impuestos y penalidades. (Siempre se lo puede volver a cambiar más adelante).

Los aportes de hasta $14.000 por año, por beneficiario, están exentos del impuesto a las donaciones ($28.000 para los matrimonios).

También se puede hacer un solo aporte de hasta $70.000 ($140.000 para los matrimonios) por cada beneficiario y luego compensar el aporte en cinco años sin tener que pagar el impuesto a las donaciones, siempre y cuando no se haya hecho ninguna otra donación a ese beneficiario en esos cinco años.

Estos planes son tratados como un activo del titular de la cuenta (no del estudiante) cuando se calcula el aporte familiar previsto para los costos universitarios, por lo que tienen un impacto comparativamente bajo en la elegibilidad para obtener ayuda financiera.

La mayoría de los expertos financieros recomiendan analizar primero los planes del propio estado para ver qué ventajas fiscales ofrecen a los residentes, si es que ofrecen. Estas ventajas podrían ser lo suficientemente significativas como para compensar las menores comisiones o el mejor rendimiento de los fondos que ofrecen los planes de otros estados.

Examine detenidamente la estructura de comisiones, que suele incluir la comisión por apertura de cuenta, mantenimiento anual, costos administrativos y, lo más importante, la comisión de venta si se compra a través de una agencia de corretaje –que puede ser de hasta el 5.75 por ciento de su aporte. Comprar el plan en forma directa evita la comisión de venta pero usted tendrá que investigar cuál es la mejor opción para sus necesidades.

Por último, analice el rendimiento de los fondos tanto en el momento en que se inscribe como periódicamente. Morningstar (www.morningstar.com), College Savings Plans Network (www.collegesavings.org) y FinAid (www.finaid.org) tienen herramientas comparativas muy útiles.

En resumen: Cuánto antes pueda comenzar a ahorrar para la universidad, menos tendrán sus hijos que depender de préstamos costosos.

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admin <![CDATA[Don’t let college debt drag you down]]> http://news.el-observador.com/?p=20842 2014-08-02T06:25:42Z 2014-08-02T06:25:42Z Taking steps today to manage your finances and get out of debt will help ensure a successful, debt-free financial situation in the future.

Taking steps today to manage your finances and get out of debt will help ensure a successful, debt-free financial situation in the future.

(BPT)

With each passing year, student loan debt is digging a deeper hole for more young Americans. Over a nine-year period, the average student loan balance among 25-year-olds has grown 91 percent, from $10,649 in 2003 to $20,326 in 2012. More than 38 million Americans have outstanding debt amounting to nearly $1 trillion. This figure has nearly quadrupled over the last four years, surpassing both credit cards and auto loans as a leading source of personal debt, according to Pew Research and the Federal Reserve Bank of New York.

While the statistics are startling, some of today’s young people are prepared to take on the financial challenge. Younger generations (those in their mid-20s to early-30s) are showing signs of taking their finances seriously, according to a MassMutual 2013 State of the American Family Study. Nearly two-thirds want to be actively involved in all decisions regarding their finances, and almost half are actively seeking ways to educate themselves about personal finance, a rate significantly higher than older generations. For young people looking to take control of their future, there are ways to ease the strain of student debt.

MassMutual offers the following tips to help graduates manage their loans:

* Seek out scholarships – College is expensive, and taking out student loans is often inevitable. If you are still in college or considering getting your degree, be sure to research and apply for a range of scholarships to help lower your education costs. “One of the most powerful steps young people can take to mitigate educational debt is to aggressively seek out scholarships to help fund college,” says Michael Fanning, an executive vice president with MassMutual. “Graduating from college with less debt can help take the financial worry out of the equation when making ‘grown up’ decisions like homeownership, starting a family and saving for retirement.”

* Make a budget that includes all expenses – Expenses fall into three categories: fixed, flexible and discretionary. Sit down and review all of your monthly costs, from meals to rent payments, and identify which category they fall in. From there, you can allocate funds to each area. It’s critical that you have a full understanding of all expenses, debt and assets in order to not only stay on top of fixed expenses – like your student loans – but also build a realistic financial plan.

* Borrow or swap – Before making a purchase, ask a friend or relative if you can borrow or swap for a similar item. This especially holds true for items you may use only once or very few times. Going on a backpacking trip abroad? See if you can borrow a friend’s backpack rather than buying a new one. Looking to update your wardrobe? Ask a friend to swap outfits, doubling each other’s wardrobes instantly. Buying something with your money isn’t the only way to get it.

* Keep living at home – Rent is a huge expense. If you’re moving away from your hometown to work, it’s unavoidable. But if your first job is close to home, consider asking if you can move in with your parents for the first year or two to save on expenses. Use the money you’re able to save during that time to make larger payments toward your student loans to pay them down quicker. That will also allow you to bolster your savings for when you do move into a place of your own.

* Avoid credit card debt – Post-graduation is a crucial point that will help determine your credit-score for years to come. Younger generations have close to $5,000 in credit card debt, according to MassMutual’s study. To keep credit card debt in check, only use one or two cards at a time with limits that aren’t high, and pay your balance in full each month to avoid interest. Missteps could affect the rate you pay on big purchases down the road, like a car or home loan.

* Ask for a raise – Once you have established a solid foundation at your job, usually around the one-year mark, raise your hand and ask for a raise. Be sure to approach your supervisor prepared, both with how much more you want and why you deserve it. Highlight how you’ve demonstrated value to company over the year and how your work merits a raise. Even if you don’t get it right away, you’ve started the conversation.

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admin <![CDATA[DID YOU KNOW…]]> http://news.el-observador.com/?p=20839 2014-08-02T06:22:33Z 2014-08-02T06:22:33Z OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Diabetes is an epidemic in the U.S. At least 23 million Americans have diabetes, and the incidence has increased at an alarming rate in recent years, rising 61% among people in their thirty’s. Each year there are 800,000 new-cases, of which over 125,000 are people younger than 19.

German researchers reported that overweight and obese diabetic patients who exercised and ate a low-glycemic diet for 3 weeks reduced their diabetic medication requirements by 86%. Since 9 out of 10 diabetic patients are overweight or obese. Studies show that losing as little as 5 to 10% of total body weight improves insulin sensitivity and blood sugar control. Weight-loss is often difficult, and patients need a step-by-step program that targets fat burning and is relatively easy to follow and get results.

The primary way to take control of type 2 diabetes is by restructuring how you eat and your food choices.

Low-glycemic foods; beans, unsalted seeds/nuts, most vegetables (not corn, potatoes, carrots, beets, peas or winter squash), limited fresh fruits (no bananas), limited whole grains  (no refined flour or white rice), lean meats, poultry, fish.

Exercise, especially aerobic (walking, hiking) 3 to 5 times weekly, for 30 to 60 minutes. This will help burn and control glucose.

Medication is more than just glucose control. Managing type 2 diabetes shouldn’t be to just achieve some standardized blood sugar target, but to enhance your health and protect against complication.

Taking oral medication and/or insulin may lower blood sugar, but also increases the risk of the following complications; weight gain (increases insulin dosage), dangerously lowers blood sugar levels and doubles to triples the risk of cardiovascular disease.

Losing vital nutrients, diabetics rapidly lose major vitamins and minerals that are associated with increased risk of heart disease, neuropathy, vision loss, kidney failure and other diabetic complications.

All material in this article is provided for information only and may not be construed as medical advice or instruction. No action should be taken based solely on the contents of this article. Instead reader should consult with appropriate health professional on any matter relating to their health and well being. Readers who fail to consult with appropriate heath authorities can assume the risk of any injuries.

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admin <![CDATA[Diabetes Among Hispanics: All Are Not Equal]]> http://news.el-observador.com/?p=20836 2014-08-02T06:17:04Z 2014-08-02T06:17:04Z Hispanic diabetes

American Diabetes Association

People of Hispanic and Latino origin are at high risk for developing type 2 diabetes and related cardiometabolic abnormalities, but the risk varies considerably among specific ethnic groups and other factors, such as the length of time they have been living in the United States, according to two studies and an accompanying commentary being published in the August issue of Diabetes Care.

A separate study also published in the August issue found that job strain is a risk factor for type 2 diabetes in both men and women, independent of lifestyle factors.

Prevalence of Diabetes Among Hispanics/Latinos

Researchers have long known that people of Hispanic/Latino background are at higher risk for type 2 diabetes than non-Hispanic Caucasians. However, most research has looked at this group as a whole, rather than as a number of different populations.

There are more than 50 million Hispanics/Latinos currently living in the United States, making up about 16 percent of the population. The U.S. Census Bureau estimates that by 2050, one in three people living in the United States will be of Hispanic/Latino origin, including such diverse subgroups as Puerto Rican, Mexican, Cuban, Central and South Americans. But, wrote the authors of a commentary being published in this issue of Diabetes Care, “the differences in diabetes and obesity prevalence among Latino subgroups are masked when all individuals are combined into a single group.”

The Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (HCHS/SOL) was launched by the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute in part to fill in knowledge gaps regarding the prevalence and development of chronic diseases, such as diabetes, among the diverse members of these populations. It found considerable diversity among Hispanic/Latino groups when it comes to the prevalence of diabetes, as well as a low rate of diabetes awareness, diabetes control and health insurance.

The study found that the prevalence of total diabetes (both diagnosed and undiagnosed) among all Hispanic/Latino groups was roughly 16.9 percent for both men and women, compared to 10.2 percent for non-Hispanic whites. However, when looking at Hispanic/Latino groups individually, it found that prevalence varied from a high of 18.3 percent for those of Mexican descent to a low of 10.2 percent for people of South American descent. The study showed 18.1 percent of people of Dominican and Puerto Rican descent; 17.7 percent of Central American descent; and 13.4 percent of Cuban descent living in the United States had type 2 diabetes.

As seen in other populations, prevalence rose dramatically with age, reaching more than 50 percent for Hispanic/Latino women (overall) by the time they reached age 70 and 44.3 percent for men aged 70-74. The study also found that the longer a person lived in the United States, the more likely they were to develop diabetes, and the more education and income they had, the less likely they were to develop diabetes. The authors noted that many people in the study had poor glycemic control (52 percent) and/or lacked health insurance (47.9 percent).

“The picture that emerges from HCHS/SOL is one in which Hispanics/Latinos with diabetes have a high potential future risk of developing complications due to relatively poor glycemic control and diabetes management,” said Neil Schneiderman, PhD, principal investigator for the HCHS/SOL. “Although there is a steep gradient relating high diabetes prevalence to low household income and education in Hispanics/Latinos, the finding of improved diabetes awareness among those who have insurance suggests that increasing the number of those insured may help flatten the gradient.” “If there are any bright highlights in the picture,” he added, “they are that Hispanics/Latinos older than 65 years, who have better access to health care, are more likely to be aware of their diabetes, more likely to be receiving treatment, and have better glycemic control than those people under the age of 65 years.”

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